In 2006, I was a member of the government-appointed Sheller Committee, which recommended the establishment of an independent review of counter-terrorism laws.
Two years later, a private Senator's bill to create an Independent Reviewer of Terrorism Laws has been introduced into Parliament, which means that the issue is finally on the legislative agenda.
Additionally, the acquittal of Jack Thomas by a Victorian Supreme Court jury - five and a half years after he was arrested in Pakistan for receiving funds from a terrorist organisation, and after a trial, multiple appeals and a retrial - has also sparked renewed calls for regular, independent review of the practical operation of Australia’s counter-terrorism laws.
It is a proposal that now has the support of a bi-partisan Senate Committee which, two weeks ago, recommended the establishment of an Independent Reviewer, the role of which would be carried out by a panel of three people.
Despite the controversial and complex nature of counter-terrorism laws, counter-terrorism experts are in agreement that existing review mechanisms are piecemeal and inadequate. An Independent Reviewer would provide depoliticised, integrated advice about how well counter-terrorism laws are working in practice - scrutiny of the kind that is not presently taking place.
In 2006, the Sheller Committee was not asked to consider the most controversial aspects of counter-terrorism laws, such as ASIO's questioning and detention powers and the use of control orders and preventative detention orders.
An Independent Reviewer could provide vital scrutiny, not only of these laws, but of other controversial counter-terrorism powers, including the provisions in the Crimes Act that allowed police to detain Dr Haneef in solitary confinement and question him for 12 days without charge.
In the absence of a Charter of Rights, an Independent Review could help address the human rights concerns that have dominated public debates about counter-terrorism laws. It would do this by asking an extremely important question: “Do our counter-terrorism laws comply with our international human rights obligations?”
Establishment of an independent watchdog that would ensure that Australia’s efforts to protect national security do not inadvertently trespass on fundamental rights is a very good idea. However, it will only work if the government responds to and acts on the watchdog’s advice.
At present, formal government responses to the Parliamentary Joint Committee, the Sheller Committee and the Australian Law Reform Commission remain outstanding.
The Sheller Report made 20 recommendations aimed at clarifying the scope of offences relating to terrorist organisations and at responding to concerns that Muslim Australians felt unfairly targeted by the counter-terrorism laws.
Many of these recommendations were subsequently endorsed by a bi-partisan parliamentary committee.
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