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Cobra Gold puts the US in a pickle

By John E. Carey - posted Thursday, 15 February 2007

The largest US-Thailand military exercise, “Cobra Gold”, is the topic of high level diplomatic and political discussions this week.

Cobra Gold is a regularly-scheduled joint-combined military exercise and is the latest in the continuing series of US-Thai military exercises designed to ensure regional peace and strengthen the ability of the Royal Thai Armed Forces to defend Thailand or respond to regional contingencies. Cobra Gold has also allowed anti-terrorism training to flow from the US to Thailand.

Thailand has a Muslim separatist insurgency that has killed almost 2,000 people in its southern provinces.


Last September a bloodless military coup in Thailand deposed the democratically elected government and the generals appointed their own leadership. The US condemned the action and withheld US$24 million in military aid from Thailand in protest to the coup.

But then the unexpected happened.

China, we are told, offered to fill the void.

The former prime minister, who lost his job in the coup, Thaksin Shinawatra, moved his base of operations to Beijing. Mr Thaksin is a billionaire with connections all over the world.

Then, on January 22, 2007, China hosted the Thai Army Commander-in-Chief, the Communist People’s Daily reported. “The Chinese army would like to promote friendly relations with the Thai army,” Chinese Defence Minister Cao Gangchuan said in a meeting with Thai Army Commander-in-Chief Sonthi Boonyaratkalin.

To sweeten the deal, the Chinese put on the table a special assistance package that included US$49 million worth of military aid and training.


Beijing continued with visits to Thailand by several senior Chinese officials, mostly in the military and security fields. State councillor Tang Jiaxuan, a former Chinese foreign minister, will be visiting Bangkok after Tet, the Chinese New Year. He is expected to reaffirm Beijing’s support of the Council for National Security (CNS), which is what the coup leaders are calling themselves.

Thai Foreign Minister Nitya Pibulsonggram asked the US Department of State for approval to visit Washington last month but was rebuffed. No senior US diplomat has visited Thailand since the coup.

Now the United States is in something of a pickle. Going ahead with Cobra Gold will look like the US doesn’t really care if a cadre of generals overthrows an elected prime minister in an allied government. But to cancel Cobra Gold may push Thailand further away from the US and closer to China.

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First published in Peace and Freedom on February 11, 2007.

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About the Author

John E. Carey has been a military analyst for 30 years.

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All articles by John E. Carey

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