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Australian multiculturalism is a strong stream with many tributaries

By Vic Alhadeff - posted Wednesday, 9 December 2015

A minor storm erupted at a Sydney primary school some years ago when it installed a 2m Christmas tree in the foyer. Pupils were encouraged to place beneath the tree gifts to be donated to Bear Cottage, which cares for children with terminal conditions.

The student body included a healthy mix of faith and ethnic groups, including Baha'i, Buddhist, Jewish, Hindu and Asian, and in acknowledgment of the impending Jewish festival of Hanukkah the school also placed an eight-branched candelabra in the foyer.

Incensed at the prominence accorded the Christmas tree, the mother of a non-Christian pupil complained to the NSW Department of Education that the school had trampled on its multicultural and multi-faith ethos - despite the fact most of its pupils were Christian.


Discussions were held between the Department of Education, the school, the aggrieved mother and leaders of her faith group in what proved to be a futile attempt to resolve the issue.

In fact, all the organisations at the table concluded that not only did the school have the right to erect the tree, but it should be commended for celebrating the faith of the majority of its pupils, doing so in a meaningful way and at the same time acknowledging that Hanukkah was approaching.

Former NSW communities minister Victor Dominello liked to evoke a metaphor when discussing this country's multicultural ethos and the challenges inherent in integrating into it: Australia was a strong, flowing river, he would say; each culture, each faith, each tradition, was one of innumerable streams flowing into it, strengthening it, enriching it, yet ultimately part of this one great river.

Jewish tradition speaks of a parallel approach, expressed in the maxim "The law of the land is the law".

The rationale is an understanding that adhering to the authority of the country in which one resides is pragmatic; the law of the land should be regarded as binding.

We are at the time of year when shopping centres and schools across the country host nativity pageants and install Christmas trees, while millions of Australians will soon wish each other "Merry Christmas". As it should be.


The inevitable cancellations of the above, and of Easter bonnet parades, for fear of offending others should not happen, nor should diluting the positive message of Christmas by substituting a saccharine and meaningless "Happy holidays" for what should be acknowledgment of a significant occasion.

The success of a multicultural society - and its failure, as is increasingly evident in parts of Europe - is predicated on a symbiotic relationship between majority and minority.

It relies on a firm base of mutual respect - a social contract that encourages every minority group to own and celebrate its distinctive identity to the utmost while acknowledging and respecting the right of the majority group to do the same. It's a two-way street.

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About the Author

Vic Alhadeff is Chief Executive of the Jewish Board of Deputies and a former Chair of the NSW Community Relations Commission.

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Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

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