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Will NSW panda to China? Let's hope so.

By Jonathan J. Ariel - posted Friday, 2 August 2013

Three events in the last couple of months taking place in Sydney, Beijing and Jaworzno (Poland) – two of them this past week - have far more in common that first meets the eye.

First, on 30 July, The Australian's Mark Coultan reported the New South Wales government has called for expressions of interest to privatise the state owned Macquarie Generation's two coal-firedHunter Valley power stations, Liddell and Bayswater. This, Coultan asserted, could be one of the Liberal Premier Barry O'Farrell's biggest asset sales.

Included in the sale are two development sites, one adjacent to the


Bayswater facility with planning approval for another generator.O'Farrell is penciling in more than $2 billion for the sale of MacGen which produced an after tax profit of $120 million in the 2011/12 financial year.Bayswater, it should be noted is the largest power station in Australia.

While MacGen provides energy to folk from South Australia all the way to northern Queensland, its dominance can be measured best by understanding that its output could satisfy 40% of the demand of NSW households.

Second, a few days earlier, on 25 July, the ChinaDailyreported that the People's Republic of China and Australia vowed to hasten negotiations on a bilateral free trade agreement following a meeting in Beijing between the PRC's Vice Premier Wang Yang and Australian Trade Minister Richard Marles.

And third, on 11 June Reutersreported that China's Dongfang Electric Corp won the right to build a generation plant in northern Bosnia after European firms showed little interest. Understandable given the continentals have a little matter called the Euro-crisis to deal with.

Even though the Bosnian plant will not be profitable for some time, Dongfang's strategy was to secure a toehold in Europe. Donfang's low construction costs and easy access to capital clinched the deal.

Bosnia, like NSW, was a particularly popular choice as it is an economy that can export electricity to neighbouring states, thereby not being reliant on just one economy for its financial success. Easy access to raw materials was also a factor. In Bosnia abundant hydropower was available and in NSW, plentiful coal.


In addition to mere financial stakes in companies, the Chinese are also involved in energy related construction projects. Know-how and a keen price is what convinced Polish boiler maker Rafako, to recruit China National Electric Engineering to its consortium to build a 900 MW coal-fired power unit for Polish utility Tauron at its Jaworzno site, in southern Poland.

Summing up China's move into south-east Europe, Zeljko Lovrincevic, analyst at Croatia's Institute of Economics explained "the region is getting more interesting for the Chinese because of less strict public procurement procedures". But more significantly, "Chinese firms... are not strictly profit-driven. They look at a project as an opportunity to expand business presence and engage part of their own workforce".

A proposed sale of a major Australian State Owned Corporation to Chinese State Owned Corporation could raise eyebrows amongst the intelligentsia and will no doubt elicit howls from the pack of isolationists, protectionists and their foghorns on Capital Hill. But that should not impede NSW from searching for the best deal for the NSW taxpayer.

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About the Author

Jonathan J. Ariel is an economist and financial analyst. He holds a MBA from the Australian Graduate School of Management. He can be contacted at

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