Like what you've read?

On Line Opinion is the only Australian site where you get all sides of the story. We don't
charge, but we need your support. Here’s how you can help.

  • Advertise

    We have a monthly audience of 70,000 and advertising packages from $200 a month.

  • Volunteer

    We always need commissioning editors and sub-editors.

  • Contribute

    Got something to say? Submit an essay.


 The National Forum   Donate   Your Account   On Line Opinion   Forum   Blogs   Polling   About   
On Line Opinion logo ON LINE OPINION - Australia's e-journal of social and political debate

Subscribe!
Subscribe





On Line Opinion is a not-for-profit publication and relies on the generosity of its sponsors, editors and contributors. If you would like to help, contact us.
___________

Syndicate
RSS/XML


RSS 2.0

What's behind Australia's exploding indigenous population?

By Brendan O'Reilly - posted Wednesday, 5 July 2017


While the mentioned factors are important, there are two large elephants in the room. 

The first (hugely taboo subject in Indigenous affairs) is that the majority of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander adults now have a non-Indigenous partner.  Non-Indigenous as well as Indigenous mothers therefore contribute to Indigenous population growth, with over 90 per cent of the children of mixed Indigenous/non-Indigenous unions being classified as Indigenous.  This alone (if it continues) can result in continuing big Indigenous population rises (a matter that occasionally receives grudging acknowledgement), though one must raise the question of whether generations with increasingly diluted Indigenous heritage can continue to legitimately claim Indigenous identity. 

The second, (affecting the Census count) is that there is a question mark surrounding the appropriateness of Australia's standard Census Indigenous Question, particularly in the light of the official definition of Aboriginality used in this country. 

Advertisement

While an Indigenous New Zealander is defined as "a person of the Maori race of New Zealand; and includes any descendant of such a person”, Australia uses a much narrower definition.  We require Indigenous persons to not only have an Indigenous ancestor.  We also require them to identify as Indigenous.  (A third requirement of community recognition is not easily ascertainable in a household questionnaire.)  The problem, however, is that our  standard Census Indigenous Question asks only about Indigenous origin.

The Standard Question for Indigenous status used in the 1996 and later Censuses is as follows:

 There are several things wrong with this question.  Firstly the question asks about Indigenous origin in isolation from other possible origins (e.g. European, Asian).  Secondly, while the question permits respondents to state both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander origins, there is no scope, for example, for a person to indicate that they are of both European and Aboriginal origin.  The biggest problem of all, however, is that the question does not address the issue of identification.  How therefore can the Indigenous Census question filter out those of Indigenous descent who either don't identify as Indigenous or record those may identify both as Indigenous and European (for example)? 

I would argue that the current question facilitates a count of those who have Indigenous origins rather than (a narrower) count of those of Indigenous descent who also identify as Indigenous.  Consequently, our Indigenous count probably is considerably overstated.

Additionally, because substantial numbers of people over time have changed from not declaring Indigenous ancestry to later acknowledging their Aboriginal or Torres Strait origins, time series data for Indigenous people have been corrupted.  Apparent progress in the economic and social circumstances of Indigenous people over time will reflect both actual progress and the effects of recruitment of (generally more advantaged) persons previously counted as non-Indigenous.  Consequently, using time series data from the various Censuses to see if Australia is "closing the gap" will exaggerate the extent of progress.

Advertisement

Overall, it is obvious that official statistics present a far from accurate picture of our Indigenous population but nobody in authority is willing to concede this.

  1. Pages:
  2. 1
  3. Page 2
  4. All



Discuss in our Forums

See what other readers are saying about this article!

Click here to read & post comments.

30 posts so far.

Share this:
reddit this reddit thisbookmark with del.icio.us Del.icio.usdigg thisseed newsvineSeed NewsvineStumbleUpon StumbleUponsubmit to propellerkwoff it

About the Author

Brendan O’Reilly is a retired commonwealth public servant with a background in economics and accounting. He is currently pursuing private business interests.

Other articles by this Author

All articles by Brendan O'Reilly

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons License.

Article Tools
Comment 30 comments
Print Printable version
Subscribe Subscribe
Email Email a friend
Advertisement

About Us Search Discuss Feedback Legals Privacy